The Ornithological Council is pleased to provide ornithologists with a series of comprehensive guides to the many permits needed for ornithological research. Some of the permit systems - particularly the import systems for live birds and specimens - are complex and time-consuming process. Others are relatively simple. In both cases, our intent is to provide step-by-step guides for the ornithologist. Busy ornithologists have not had ready access to clear and consistent information. Attempting to navigate the complexities of permitting is time-consuming and sometimes frustrating.