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Expanding Virginia’s warblers retain uniform gene flow


Cara J

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It’s not easy to find Virginia’s warblers (Oreothlypis virginiae) — especially given their shy, elusive behavior. Researcher Christine Bubac learned this firsthand when she used mist nets to capture the nine-gram songbird species in the Black Hills of South Dakota. She wanted to catch the birds to study the genetic diversity of this isolated population compared to Virginia’s warblers in other regions. “My co-author and I set out to look at how population connectivity impacts genetic variation during a contemporary range expansion,” said Bubac, a Ph.D. student at the University of Alberta and the lead author of the study published in The Auk: Ornithological Advances. Annual breeding bird surveys showed Virginia’s warblers arrived in the Black Hills fairly recently in 1997. While most Virginia’s warblers are concentrated in the southwestern United States, it appears the species’ range is expanding northward, resulting in populations in northern Colorado, Wyoming and South Dakota’s Black Hills, according to Bubac. Bubac mist netted 20 Virginia’s warblers, collected feathers from the birds to do a genetic analysis, and then subsequently released the individuals. The team then collected additional samples of the species throughout their breeding range from museum and university collections. After comparing DNA samples, she and [...]

 

Read more: http://wildlife.org/expanding-virginias-warblers-retain-uniform-gene-flow/

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