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Enacted in 2017, the "COMPETES" Act provides that:
SEC. 202. SCIENTIFIC AND TECHNICAL COLLABORATION. (a) DEFINITION OF SCIENTIFIC AND TECHNICAL WORKSHOP.— In this section, the term ‘‘scientific and technical workshop’’ means a symposium, seminar, or any other organized, formal gathering where scientists or engineers working in STEM research and development fields assemble to coordinate, exchange and disseminate information or to explore or clarify a defined subject, problem or area of knowledge in the STEM fields
© ATTENDANCE POLICIES.—Not later than 180 days after the date of enactment of this Act, the heads of the Federal science agencies shall each develop an action plan for the implementation of revisions and updates to their policies on attendance at scientific and technical workshops.
Full Bill Text: https://www.congress.gov/114/plaws/publ329/PLAW-114publ329.pdf
Per COMPETES Reauthorization of 2010 the definition of federal agency is "any Federal agency with an annual extramural research expenditure of over $100,000,000."